The earliest records of attempts on graphical representation of the fetus date back to the year 1500. as an example, artistic drawings ate scattered in museums and private collections around the world. Among the artists who achieved a refined quality in terms of visual representation of the fetus is Leonardo da Vinci. He demonstrated – through various anatomical studies – the process of fetal development.
The use of physical models in medicine began with didactic purposes in Italy from the Renaissance period on. Wax models representing different parts of the human body emerged with great visual realism and included the changes of a woman’s body during the pregnancy.
The increasing technological development in obtaining and viewing images through non-invasive technologies has brought great advances in medicine, especially in viewing the fetus. In general, two types of tests are used to obtain images of the uterine cavity during the pregnancy: ultrasonography (USG) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI).